This article is written in plain, simple English and tries to avoid engaging in long, complicated discussions of Metaphysics, Philosophy, Social Science and Natural Science. This article is written with consideration of the tastes of a wider general public in bored with and disdainful of politics. This writer respects the intelligence and opinions of rank and file Americans far more than he does that of any alleged educated elite, political party elite and/or ruling class elite. (This writer warns the elitist that he will likely offend your sensibilities by departing from your standard of decorum by invoking urban and youthful vernacular & colloquialisms to drive home his points and make this subject matter more relatable to a larger portion of his audience.). This writer intends to educate, not manipulate, the reader.
Educate and inform the whole mass of the people... They are the only sure reliance for the preservation of our liberty.
Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States and Primary Drafter of the Declaration of Independence
This writer implores his fellow rank and file Americans to read this article. As uninteresting and/or burdensome as you may find the content of this article, it is likely the simplest way for you to understand the workings of American politics. This writer will be so bold as to assert that in reading and reflecting upon this material, you find your perception of reality has greatly changed… That if you will commit yourself to just once in your life immersing yourself in the substance of this article you will be forever enlightened and invigorated. From this immersion you will gain a renewed understanding of your rightful place in this world and be empowered to defend yourself from predation by others for the rest of your life. At the same time, this writer will endeavor to make the content as engaging and relevant to your everyday life of the average person as possible. This writer, having paid the price, would be disappointed if rank and file America did not seize the reward.
"eternal vigilance by the people is the price of liberty, and that you must pay the price if you wish to secure the blessing."
Andrew Jackson, 7th President of the United States
As this writer first pondered this question which the title of this article poses, it was in the divisive, emotional frame of mind to which the two major political parties have conditioned the people living in the United States of America, Inc. (Remember that word conditioned, it will become important later) Upon further reflection, became determined to follow his own urgings to his readers here (and his followers on social media like Twitter)… Those urgings being to strive to overcome the divisive conditioning of the two major political parties and attempt to speak and act in a manner to create constructive debate and unity amongst WE THE PEOPLE.
The true battle is NOT Republican vs. Democrat, left vs. right, white vs. color, Christian vs. Non-Christian: THE TRUE BATTLE IS WE THE PEOPLE VS THE CORRUPT INCUMBENT RULING CLASS ELITE
Don Mashak (Opinion)
(@DMashak and @WETHEPEOPLETAR on Twitter- various truncations/hashtags removed)
In several earlier conceptualizations and drafts of this matter, this writer did indeed, attempt to be neutral, to create room for unity from common ground, to create consensus of concerns and tried to work for a common vision for the future. However, in researching, and reflecting upon the information derived from this research, this writer has came to the conclusion that he does not and would not want to associate with and/or create unity with certain segments of Progressivism who hold certain beliefs. Yet this writer will endeavor to merely identify those certain beliefs confident the evil of those beliefs will be self evident to most readers.
That having been said, this writer’s goal remains to promote unity, rather than division, amongst WE THE PEOPLE; and to cause people to form their own perception of reality through their own thought processes. This writer intends to achieve this by clearly identifying his opinions and identifying the primary sources of his facts while he lays out the fundamental elements of the Divine Right of Kings, Consent of the Governed (Natural Law) and Progressivism. In the end, this writer will ask the reader to choose which Governance Doctrine and Perspective of Reality most closely matches their own perception of reality and/or their ideal preferred manner of being governed.
Perspective of Reality = How you perceive your existence, your world and your environment.
As this writer’s regular readers are aware, this writer engages in unique perspective and/or original thought rather than the regurgitation of the current thoughts and ideas promoted by the two major political parties and the major media. Developing unique/original thought is far more difficult and requires a lot more time than simply regurgitating the ideas and thoughts of others. And finally, unique/original thought takes a lot more words to explain. Communicating unique/original thought often means the basis must be explained rather than assuming and/or building upon the current perception of reality commonly held by the majority of the population.
New opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason but because they are not already common.
This writer will provide a list of only his hard copy resources. This list appears at the end of this article. The writer has not and will not include his internet sources. Over the past few years, the history and facts regarding Progressivism have changed on the internet, presumably because it is so easily done. Further, this writer will quote Progressive President Theodore Roosevelt to make another point regarding history and sources:
The difference between myth and history is that history lies in a more dignified way. The first writer of a lie is ever thereafter accepted as authority. If actual history should be written, mankind would blush in shame for itself. And yet we must have history for without it the world would be like a man without a memory. There was certainly an element of truth in the specific events of history, but what brought about those events lies for the most part in mysticism. History’s primary shortcoming is in the failure of historians to reveal fully the character of historical figures. No Statesman has been a saint and no tyrant without some color of virtue.
Theodore Roosevelt (in conversation with Opie Read and Bat Masterson)
Or perhaps you would prefer to here from a famous writer who lived during this period:
If you don't read the newspaper, you're uninformed. If you read the newspaper [view major media], you're mis-informed.
Mark Twain (1906)
Writers do not right in a vacuum. They have their own biases and their own concerns. Publishers also do not publish in a vacuum; they also have their own biases and concerns. Book Publishers and Major Media owners tend to be rich men. Not only do they have financial and political motivations edit or censor the information they transmit, they also have to consider the financial and political consequences of losing favor with the current establishment. The advantage of reading books about Progressivism written from 1960 to 1990 is that Progressivism did not have as many strong adherents nor detractors as it did during its original incarnation and subsequent revivals. At the same time, the problem with that is the writer often does not have firsthand knowledge. But the simple truth is that some history is never written because no one was brave enough to write the truth and accept the consequences.
The evils of tyranny are rarely seen but by him who resists it.
John Hay (1872)
No holds were barred. We have used [similar] techniques against Soviet agents. [The same methods were] brought home against any organization against which we were targeted. We did not differentiate. This is a rough, tough business. http://goo.gl/bHwpn5
Senate Committee Report on Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the FBI and COINTELPRO
This writer asks you to go to your local library rather than rely on the internet to learn about Progressivism. In any case, make note of any biases the other of your source may have so you can temper your acceptance of their writing accordingly.
In the beginning of a change, the patriot is a scarce man, and brave, and hated and scorned. When his cause succeeds, the timid join him, for then it costs nothing to be a patriot
Mark Twain (1904)
Finally, this writer does not want anyone to be lulled, seduced and/or tricked into acceptance of any perspective of reality; whether this perspective be his own or the perspective of reality painted by others. Therefore, this author advises you as no politician would dare. Exercise Critical Thinking (http://bit.ly/ubI6ve) in determining the truthfulness of anything you read or hear. Do not passively accept nor believe anything anyone tells you, including this author... unless and until you verify it yourself with sources you trust and could actively defend your perspective to anyone who might debate you to the contrary of your perspective.
This writer is challenging Progressive writer David Brooks at @nytdavidbrooks to write a rebuttal and point out in material errors to hold myself accountable and to create a meaningful marketplace for the exchange of ideas. In light of the recent ruling by the US Supreme Court, it is Mr. Brook’s failure to respond at all or in a way that does not demonstrate material errors in this writer’s facts shall be considered an admission that his truthful response would tend to be damaging to his position. With that, this writer challenges Mr. Brooks to respond within 15 days of the publication of part 2, the final installment of this series.
METAPHYSICS, SOCIAL SCIENCE, NATURAL SCIENCE, PHILOSOPHY AND LOGIC
We will discuss these topics briefly and then only for defining them. (You may skip over this section if it bores you) The information we are about to share only scratches the surface of the thought processes which produced them. To give you perspective, it is necessary that you at least know that these thought processes are behind what we are about to discuss.
Metaphysics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world that encompasses it
Natural Sciences are those branches of science that seek to elucidate the rules that govern the natural world through scientific methods, the cornerstone of which are measured by quantitative data.
Logic (from the Greek λογική, logos) has two meanings: first, it describes the use of valid reasoning in some activity; second, it names the normative study of reasoning or a branch thereof. In the latter sense, it features most prominently in the subjects of philosophy, mathematics, and computer science.
It is the hope of this writer, seeing the ideas and premises that are the end product of the above described thought process, will motivate some of you to examine these various iterations of the thought processes which form their foundation. This writer has opted to not include specific references, but rather just the Titles of his sources, in an attempt to cause you to immerse yourself further in studying governance doctrines.
Education begins the human, but reading, good company and reflection must finish him.
To increase the readability of this article, this writer will refer to these sciences as “THE THOUGHT PROCESS”, hereafter.
You have all heard of Dictatorships, Monarchies, Communism, Socialism, Republics and Democracy. But where do these styles of government get their authority to govern any group of people? What is the proper role of Government?
Governance Doctrines refer to the source of the authority for any type of governance, the purpose of that governance, and the principles and/or manner of how those who governed should be, and/or are, governed.
Our study of Progressivism will necessarily require us to understand the governance doctrines of the “Divine Right of Kings” and the governance doctrine of “Consent of the Governed” (Consent of the Governed is the foundation of America’s Declaration of Independence, Constitution and Bill of Rights.)
Despite conflicting sources and personal intuitions, the net intent and result of Progressivism requires it also be deemed a governance doctrine. In that it proposes the voiding, replacement and/or extreme revision of our current Constitution, it clearly is a different governance Doctrine than “Consent of the Governed”.
This writer believes any discussion of how governance doctrines were defined and articulated is more entertaining if illustrated through historical perspective. In a moment, we will take a short trip down memory lane.
This writer suggests you assess these 3 Governance Doctrines in a manner similar to buying a car. Using your power of observation, as soon you find a major flaw, you likely soon thereafter use your reason to decide not to by the defective product. If the foundation of a governance doctrine is not sound, then this writer would suggest to you that everything built upon that foundation is not sound. You must determine the soundness of those foundations using your own powers of observation and reason.
476AD to 1920AD – A SHORT STORY IN WESTERN WORLD GOVERNANCE
In this writer’s opinion, the understanding of the Governance Doctrines of Progressivism, Consent of the Governed & the Divine Right of Kings is enhanced by understanding the organic origins of their existence. Here is that history:
With the Fall of Rome in 476AD, Western Europe fell into a period of history known as the Dark Ages. The Dark Ages (also known as the middle ages) extended from the 5th to the 15th Centuries. The term Dark Ages refers to the cultural and economic decline in Western Europe during this time, as well as the lack of historical documentation for many geographic areas during that period of time.
The Governance Doctrine of the “Divine Right of Kings” and a Socio-Economic system known as Feudalism became predominant. Divine Right of Kings essentially commands that the King/Queen is a God or an emissary of God here on earth. Therefore, no earthly being has the authority to question the decisions, actions or authority of the King/Queen. The Ruling Class establishes truth by convention and force.
1450AD Printing press introduced to Europe (invented in China circa 1045AD)
THE THOUGHT PROCESS: Thomas Hobbes (1651) – Regarding the Nature of man in his Natural State (before there was a central government), Hobbes believed man tends to be selfish, may sometimes be altruistic and is not by nature NOT a social animal. Authority for Government comes from the position that society could not exist except by the power of the state. As for the Social Contract - Shut up and obey, then you may have the right not to be killed. Wait, belay that. You don’t even have the right not to be killed. Why? Regardless of what the King does, it does not constitute a violation of the social contract.
From 1650AD to 1800AD, a period called “The Enlightenment” (aka the “Age of Reason”) occurred. People began to question the Nature of Man and the authority of the King and Church. Various scientific discoveries stimulated the minds of many people (Men of Letters). Observation and Reason began to replace religion, superstition and tradition as the basis for people’s perception of reality. Printing Presses becoming more widespread have began to break the Aristocracy’s and the Church’s monopoly on the exchange of ideas. From the exchange of ideas during this time the Concepts of Natural Law and the Governance Doctrine of Consent of the Governed were developed.
THE THOUGHT PROCESS: John Locke (1689) established that the Nature of Man in his Nature State (before there was a central government) was that of a “social animal” with tendencies toward “reason and tolerance”, but who can be selfish. Locke said that Government was a voluntary compact between an individual and society, whereby he gave up some of his Natural Rights in a State of Nature to secure the protection and better harmony as part of society. Government exists to preserve the unalienable Natural Rights of the Individual. Truth is established by the individual through observation and reasoning.
In the late 18th century, these new ideas regarding the Nature of Man and the proper purpose and role of any government led to violent revolution and/or capitulation of many Western Europe Governments to accept and adopt, wholly or in large part, the purpose and role of government pursuant to John Locke’s Consent of the Governed.
In 1776AD, the American Colonists penned their Declaration of Independence. They declared their independence from not only from England and King George, but also from the Governance Doctrine of the Divine Right of Kings. Several Elements of Natural Law are included in the Declaration of Independence along with specific references to the “Laws of Nature” and “Consent of the Governed”. In fact, some of the Founders did not believe a Bill of Rights (1791) was necessary believing that the Natural Rights of men were plainly and clearly self evident truths. The Founders created a Constitutionally Limited (1789), Representative Republic and embraced the rugged individualism and an economy based on minimum government intervention (laissez-faire economics), which were inherent in Natural Law.
In 1787AD France is engulfed in a popular violent revolution, inspired and motivated by the ideas and ideals of Natural Law. Declaration of the Rights of Men and Citizens (1791) France Establishes its Government as a Constitutional Republic (1795).
1842AD – 1883AD Karl Marx establishes a Governance Doctrine which becomes Marxism. Marxism in the form of Communism comes to Russia. Marxism, in the form of Socialism and Social Democracy, sweeps much of Europe somewhat later. (Communism fails in Russia circa 1989 – Much of Europe teeters on the brink of economic collapse today)
THE THOUGHT PROCESS (Karl Marx circa 1850) Marx conceives of human nature as composed of 'tendencies', 'drives', 'essential powers', and 'instincts' to act in order to satisfy 'needs' for external objectives. Many Marxist deny there is a human nature to be found in Marx’s works. The sixth of the Theses on Feuerbach provided the basics for this interpretation of Marx according to which there was no eternal human nature to be found in his works. It states:
Feuerbach resolves the essence of religion into the essence of man [menschliche Wesen = ‘human nature’]. But the essence of man is no abstraction inherent in each single individual. In reality, it is the ensemble of the social relations. Feuerbach, who does not enter upon a criticism of this real essence is hence obliged:
1. To abstract from the historical process and to define the religious sentiment regarded by itself, and to presuppose an abstract — isolated - human individual.
2. The essence therefore can by him only be regarded as ‘species’, as an inner ‘dumb’ generality which unites many individuals only in a natural way
Marx believed Capitalism was bad. Marx believed Capitalism exploited the average worker. Marx believed history evidenced the cyclical nature of society. Changes in Society occurred by violent revolution caused by the inevitable disparity in wealth and the distribution of wealth (Class Warfare). Marx did not say much about the form society would take after capitalism. Eventually a classless society would come into existence, free of political conflicts, coercion, domination and exploitation. Immediately after the revolution when the proletariat (common folks, labor) gained control there would have to be a period of "dictatorship of the proletariat" which would be necessary to remove all elements of capitalism, especially the ideas and values making up bourgeois ideology. (Truth is established by the government.) In this period of state socialism people would still be motivated to work by differential wages and there would have to be a strong state, in the hands of the worker's party, which ran a planned economy.
However, Marx thought that in time a collectivist society (communism) would emerge in which control and decision making would be in the hands of the people as a whole. The coercive state would wither away, intense division of labor and specialization would cease, the outlook and motivation of individuals would be collective and cooperative, and people would have much greater opportunity to develop and fulfill their potential than they had under capitalism. Marx was optimistic about the capacity of humans to do these things, seeing greed, competition and conflict as dispositions produced by class domination. Perhaps the best clue to the nature of communist society is given by the statement "From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs".
In essence, the purpose and of government under Marxism is to protect labor from exploitation and guard the interests of the society has a whole. The authority of government came from the premise that the “workers of the whole” would control the government.
Too Late to Apologize - A Declaration
In 1859AD, Charles Darwin publishes his “Origin of Species” (Theory of Evolution)
1861AD to 1865AD American Civil War
From 1890AD to 1930AD The Populist/Progressive Era begins. (Or Populist Movement 1890AD -1905AD and Progressive Era 1905AD to 1917, etc) There is conflict in credible sources as to the dates and the nature of the Populist/Progressive Era. More discussion on that later. For now, this writer leaves it to the reader choose what perspective of the Populist/Progressive reality they prefer or deduce from their own research.
The conflicted sources say the Populist Movement was a grassroots movement motivated by corruption, unfair practices and abuse of power by Wealthy industrialists, bankers and government officials. The Muckraking journalist had further exposed the trespasses of business and government against rank and file Americans. Populists were angry about the numerous duplicitous schemes the wealthy used to accumulate wealth at the expense of rank and file Americans. The artificial manipulation of the value of money was a critical element of the discontent of the populists. Many Populists were farmers and the poorer half of America and preferred a return to agrarianism. The end of a “Western Frontier” was another factor of the Populist Movement.
Populist sought reform by seeking more Direct Democracy. The initiative, the referendum and direct election of US Senators were the Populists preferred means of restoring the accountability and transparency of their government. Populists did not seek to replace Representative Government nor the Constitution, but to make government better with these Direct Democracy measures.
Depending on your source, the Populist Movement appears to have ended or morphed into Progressivism when the Educated Elite and/or the Political Parties took an interest in it and got involved.
THE THOUGHT PROCESS John Dewey, Charles Cooley, Karl Marx and Walter Rauschenbusch, Charles Beard, Thorstein Veblen (Circa 1900) provide the rational and authority for the Progressive governance Doctrine. (These folks were the Progressive equivalents to John Locke) Dewey and Cooley assert......
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Those were my thoughts.
Thank you, my fellow citizens, for taking your valuable time to read and reflect upon what is written here.
If what is written here rings true to you, perhaps another helpful exercise would be to ponder why you have not heard about this in your local paper or in the major media. [You may find articles about issues from this writer's local area posted in your area and wonder why. The reason is this: Remember those travel junkets taxpayers pay for (the ones the bureaucrats skip to go to the beach or the casino) but allegedly used for training? Well some government apparatchiks actually attend those training seminars. And learn nationally en-mass techniques to "manage" WE THE PEOPLE. Since they all receive similar training in oppression, it is likely the problems you are experiencing with government in your area are similar to the problems in your area (unless you live outside the USA). With that commonality in mind, it is this writer's intent that insight garnered from this writer articles about his local issues can be used by the reader to understand and applied to their local issues.]
Please join with me in mutually pledging to each other and our fellow citizens our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor to our mutual endeavors of restoring liberty and economic opportunity to WE THE PEOPLE as our Founding Fathers envisioned and intended. [Last Paragraph, Declaration of Independence http://bit.ly/ruPE7z ]
This article is written with the same intentions as Thomas Paine http://ushistory.org/paine. I seek no leadership role. I seek only to help the American People find their own way using their own “Common Sense” http://amzn.to/kbRuar
Keep Fighting the Good Fight!
The Cynical Patriot
Don Mashak Google Plus http://goo.gl/1AUrE
The Conundrum: While our #Government works full time with compensation and funded with our money for the cause of #Tyranny; WE THE PEOPLE are forced to work part time without compensation for the cause of #liberty with what is left over of our time, money and energy,
WE THE PEOPLE TAR #WETHEPEOPLETAR
End the Fed(eral Reserve Bank System) #ETF
National http://bit.ly/ta3Rju Minneapolis http://bit.ly/tjZJKF
Bring Home the Politicians #BHTP
Lawless America #LawlessAmerica
Term Limits #TermLimit
Justice in Minnesota #JIM
Critical Thinking Notice - This author advises you as no politician would dare. Exercise Critical Thinking (http://bit.ly/ubI6ve) in determining the truthfulness of anything you read or hear. Do not passively accept nor believe anything anyone tells you, including this author... unless and until you verify it yourself with sources you trust and could actively defend your perspective to anyone who might debate you to the contrary of your perspective
The Progressive Mind 1890-1917 David W. Noble (1981)
America Enters the World – A People’s History of the Progressive Era and World War I – Page Smith (1985)
The Annals of America 1895-1904 Volume 12 Populism, Imperialism and Reform Britannica (1965)
The Annals of America 1905-1915 Volume 13 The Progressive Era Britannica 1965
Rebirth of a Nation – The Making of a Nation 1877 – 1920 Jackson Lears 2009
And many internet and/or other sources too fluid and/or non-credible to cite as references